CIVIL WAR

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WWII

  WORLD WAR TW0 WWII – WW2 – WORLD WAR TWO CLICK ABOVE USE NAME/EMAIL TELL US ABOUT YOUR WATCH ADD UP TO 7 PICS RECEIVE APP APPRAISAL AS IS AND RESTORED INFO ON COSTS AND VARIOUS CHOICES NO CHARGE   Echoes of War: Stories from the Big Red One (First Division Museum at Cantigny,[…]

VIETNAM

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SPF

  SPECIAL FORCES   Special forces, or Special Operations forces are terms used to describe elite military tactical teams trained to perform high-risk dangerous missions that conventional units cannot perform. Special Forces soldiers need to be physically and mentally robust and have the confidence, courage, and skill to operate individually or in small teams, often[…]

AFGHANISTAN

AFGHANISTAN   The War in Afghanistan began on 7 October 2001,[17] as the armed forces of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Australia, and the Afghan United Front (Northern Alliance) launched Operation Enduring Freedom. The primary driver of the invasion was the September 11 attacks on the U.S., with the stated goal of dismantling[…]

DESERT STORM

  DESERT STORM IRAQ WAR The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) was a war waged by a UN-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait. The[…]

INDOCHINA

    FRENCH INDOCHINA WAR FRENCH-INDOCHINA AMERICAN-VIETNAM-WAR  ****************************************** MONTGOMERY 11TH AIRBORNE GERMAN JUNGHANS WWII TARAWA DIEN BIEN PHU SEALS RIVER RATS MEDIC CORPMAN WWII AVIATION WWII TIMERS WWII BRITISH WWII ARMY AIR NY FIREMAN SPANISH AMER WWI IST INF CIVIL WAR RESTORATION CLICK ABOVE USE NAME/EMAIL TELL US ABOUT YOUR WATCH ADD UP TO 7[…]

IRAQ

  IRAQ WAR II       The Iraq War was an armed conflict in Iraq that consisted of two phases. The first was an invasion of Ba’athist Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, starting on 20 March 2003 It was followed by a longer phase of fighting, in which an insurgency[…]

IRISH REPUBLIC

      The Irish Republican Army (IRA) (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann]) For hundreds of years, Ireland had been forcefully dominated by the British. All efforts to gain independence, or even self-rule, was brutally put down. Britain would utilize the ancient Roman tactic of creating legitimacy through the use of pawns, mainly British selected “Irish[…]

KOREA

  AMERICAN KOREAN WAR The Korean War (25 June 1950 – armistice signed 27 July 1953 [28]) was a conventional war between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People’s Republic of China (PRC), with military material aid from the Soviet Union. The war was a result of the[…]

SPANISH

  SPANISH AMERICAN WAR CUBA PHILIPPINES PUERTO RICO **HAWAII ** Though not part of War, Hawaii was annexed during this period CLICK HERE TO VIEW OUR FIRST WAR OF 1898 BOX WITH ROSKOPF CUERVO Y SOBRINO   Republic of Puerto Rico Flag 1873-1875 The Territory of Hawaii 1898-1960 Hawaiian Naval Ensign 1887-1898 30th Chasseurs Battalion[…]

WWI

  WORLD WAR ONE WWI – WW1 – WORLD WAR ONE   The American “Red Hand” Division Flag When General Black Jack Pershing arrived in France in 1918,, he separated the “Black” Regiments, including the New York City, National Guard Unit called the Black Rattlers. He provided them to French General Mariano Goybet who commanded[…]

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GSWW ONLINE CAM AND VIDEO PAGE

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Viet Vid R NSPFNS

  Copyrights goes to those whom prepared these video featuresMost of the video we discover is military created.Those produced with veteran assistance we hold in the highest regard military-battles-operations-vietnam-war For great Vietnam War research with info concerning nearly every operation for an 8 year period, along with a host of Vietnam Vet interviews you can[…]

LEATHER STRAPS FOR TRENCH WATCHES AND WWII WATCHES

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TRADEMARKS

Turning Your Old Jewelry Into Something New ™VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHESVintage Time Re-Made In America ™ WE SUPPORT TIMEFRAUD.COM ABOUT USGoldSmithWorks™ 2005 ROCK SCARFONE ALL RIGHTS RESERVED,provides this page to educate users about our company, our services and our trade & service marks and actions that infringe those trade/service marks and other intellectual property rights.COMPANY:VEroTRADE GROUPS:SERVICE[…]

VIETNAM

r made American participation contingent on British support, but London was opposed.

In the end, convinced that the political risks outweighed the possible benefits, Eisenhower decided against the intervention. As an experienced five-star general, Eisenhower was very wary of getting the United States involved in a land war in Asia.

The Viet Minh received crucial support from the Soviet Union and PRC. PRC support in the Border Campaign of 1950 allowed supplies to come from PRC into Vietnam. Throughout the conflict, U.S. intelligence estimates remained skeptical of French chances of success.

The Battle of Dien Bien Phu marked the end of French involvement in Indochina. The Viet Minh and their mercurial commander Vo Nguyen Giap handed the French a stunning military defeat, and on 7 May 1954, the French Union garrison surrendered.

Of the 12,000 French prisoners taken by the Viet Minh only 3000 survived.

At the Geneva Conference the French negotiated a ceasefire agreement with the Viet Minh. Independence was granted to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Transition period Main articles: Geneva Conference (1954),

Operation Passage to Freedom, Battle of Saigon (1955), Ba Cut, and State of Vietnam referendum, 1955 Vietnam was temporarily partitioned at the 17th parallel, and under the terms of the Geneva Convention, civilians were to be given the opportunity to move freely between the two provisional states for a 300-day period.

Elections throughout the country were to be held in 1956 to establish a unified government. Around one million northerners, mainly minority Catholics, fled south, fearing persecution by the communists, following an American propaganda campaign using slogans such as “The Virgin Mary is heading south”,and aided by a U.S. funded $93 million relocation program, which included ferrying refugees with the Seventh Fleet.

It is estimated that as many as two million more would have left had they not been stopped by the Viet Minh

The northern, mainly Catholic refugees were meant to give Diem a strong anti-communist constituency. Diem later went on to staff his administration’s key posts mostly with northern and central Catholics. In addition to the Catholics flowing south, up to 130,000 ‘Revolutionary Regroupees’, went north for “regroupment” expecting to return to the South within 2 years.

The Viet Minh left roughly 5,000 to 10,000 cadres in South Vietnam as a “politico-military substructure

The last French soldiers were to leave Vietnam in April 1956.

The PRC completed their withdrawal from North Vietnam at around the same time.round 52,000 Vietnamese civilians moved from south to north.

In the north, the Viet Minh ruled as the DRV and engaged in a drastic land reform program in which an estimated eight thousand perceived “class enemies” were executed

In 1956 the Communist Party leaders of Hanoi admitted to “excesses” in implementing this program and restored a large amount of the land to the original owners.

In the south, former Emperor B?o Ð?i’s State of Vietnam operated, with Ngô Ðình Di?m (appointed in July 1954) as his prime minister. In June 1955, Diem announced that elections would not be held. South Vietnam had rejected the agreement from the beginning and was therefore not bound by it, he said.

“How can we expect ‘free elections’ to be held in the Communist North?” Diem asked. President Dwight D. Eisenhower echoed senior U.S. experts when he wrote that, in 1954, “80 per cent of the population would have voted for the Communist Ho Chi Minh” over Emperor B?o Ð?i.

In April–June 1955, Diem (against U.S. advice) cleared the decks of any political opposition in the south by launching military operations against the Cao Dai religious sect, the Hoa Hao sect of Ba Cut, and the Binh Xuyen organized crime group (which was allied with members of the secret police and some military elements).

As broad-based opposition to his harsh tactics mounted, Diem increasingly sought to blame the communists.[91] In a referendum on the future of the State of Vietnam on 23 October, Diem rigged the poll supervised by his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu and was credited with 98.2 percent of the vote, including 133% in Saigon. His American advisers had recommended a more modest winning margin of “60 to 70 percent.” Diem, however, viewed the election as a test of authority

On 26 October 1955, Diem declared the new Republic of Vietnam (ROV), with himself as president.The ROV was created largely because of the Eisenhower administration’s desire for an anti-communist state in the region.

Diem era, 1955–1963 Main articles: Ngo Dinh Diem and War in Vietnam (1954–1959) President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles greet President Ngo Dinh Diem in Washington.

The Geneva Conference, 1954 The Domino theory, which argued that if one country fell to communist forces, then all of the surrounding countries would follow, was first proposed as policy by the Eisenhower administration.[

It was, and is still, commonly hypothesized that it applied to Vietnam. John F. Kennedy, then a U.S. senator, said in a speech to the American Friends of Vietnam: “Burma, Thailand, India, Japan, the Philippines and obviously Laos and Cambodia are among those whose security would be threatened if the Red Tide of Communism overflowed into Vietnam.”

Rule See also: Ngo Dinh Diem presidential visit to Australia A devout Roman Catholic, Diem was fervently anti-communist, nationalist and socially conservative. Historian Luu Doan Huynh notes, however, that “Diem represented narrow and extremist nationalism coupled with autocracy and nepotism.”

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