CIVIL WAR VIEW OUR FIRST EVER CIVIL WAR BOX! VIEW OUR FIRST EVER CIVIL WAR BOX! MONTGOMERY 11TH AIRBORNE GERMAN JUNGHANS WWII TARAWA 101ST DIEN BIEN PHU SEALS RIVER RATS MEDIC CORPMAN WWII AVIATION WWII NAVY AIR WWII TIMERS WWII BRITISH WWII ARMY AIR NY FIREMAN FRANK BUCK SPANISH AMER WWI[…]
ALL GSW GSWW MWB ECI CPO LSYF VIDEO IN ONE PLAYER `NEW ALL GSW VIDEO IN ONE PLAYER AUGUST 8 2014` VIETNAM WAR SPECIAL GSW US ISSUED VIETNAM WAR MILITARY WATCHES[ROCK SUPPLIED] Vietnam War Video River Rats N Seals[COURTESY OF THE PRODUCERS] MILITARY BATTLES and OPERATIONS VIETNAM WARCOURTESY OF THEVietnam Archive Resources […]
THIS IS YOUR COMMUNITY! FOR WATCH COLLECTORS & OUR PATRONS CLICK HERE GSW STRIVES TO PROVIDE INFORMATION TO EDUCATE AND ASSIST YOU IN MAKING A DETERMINATION ON WHY YOU SHOULD INVEST WITH GSW/MWB FOR THIS OR ANOTHER GSW VINTAGE WATCH OFFERING. THUS, WE HAVE PLACED 6 WEBSITES DEDICATED TO HELPING YOU. OUR DEDICATION MEANS[…]
MILITARYWATCHBOXES ™©® tm sm HISTORY IN A BOX ™©® tm sm INVEST CREATE MILITARYWATCHBOX tm MWB™ FOR INDUSTRY, PERSONAL AND HISTORICAL EVENTS. THE GSW FAMILY CELEBRATE 26 YEARS IN THE BUSINESS, AND, HAVING TRADED OUR FIRST VINTAGE WATCHES ON POLYGON NETWORK IN 1992, 22 YEARS ONLINE TEN W/EBAY FROM THE CIVIL WAR TO THE TEAMSTERS[…]
SPECIAL FORCES Special forces, or Special Operations forces are terms used to describe elite military tactical teams trained to perform high-risk dangerous missions that conventional units cannot perform. Special Forces soldiers need to be physically and mentally robust and have the confidence, courage, and skill to operate individually or in small teams, often[…]
AFGHANISTAN The War in Afghanistan began on 7 October 2001, as the armed forces of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Australia, and the Afghan United Front (Northern Alliance) launched Operation Enduring Freedom. The primary driver of the invasion was the September 11 attacks on the U.S., with the stated goal of dismantling[…]
DESERT STORM IRAQ WAR The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) was a war waged by a UN-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait. The[…]
FRENCH INDOCHINA WAR FRENCH-INDOCHINA AMERICAN-VIETNAM-WAR ****************************************** MONTGOMERY 11TH AIRBORNE GERMAN JUNGHANS WWII TARAWA DIEN BIEN PHU SEALS RIVER RATS MEDIC CORPMAN WWII AVIATION WWII TIMERS WWII BRITISH WWII ARMY AIR NY FIREMAN SPANISH AMER WWI IST INF CIVIL WAR RESTORATION CLICK ABOVE USE NAME/EMAIL TELL US ABOUT YOUR WATCH ADD UP TO 7[…]
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann]) For hundreds of years, Ireland had been forcefully dominated by the British. All efforts to gain independence, or even self-rule, was brutally put down. Britain would utilize the ancient Roman tactic of creating legitimacy through the use of pawns, mainly British selected “Irish[…]
AMERICAN KOREAN WAR The Korean War (25 June 1950 – armistice signed 27 July 1953 ) was a conventional war between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People’s Republic of China (PRC), with military material aid from the Soviet Union. The war was a result of the[…]
SPANISH AMERICAN WAR CUBA PHILIPPINES PUERTO RICO **HAWAII ** Though not part of War, Hawaii was annexed during this period CLICK HERE TO VIEW OUR FIRST WAR OF 1898 BOX WITH ROSKOPF CUERVO Y SOBRINO Republic of Puerto Rico Flag 1873-1875 The Territory of Hawaii 1898-1960 Hawaiian Naval Ensign 1887-1898 30th Chasseurs Battalion[…]
WORLD WAR ONE WWI – WW1 – WORLD WAR ONE The American “Red Hand” Division Flag When General Black Jack Pershing arrived in France in 1918,, he separated the “Black” Regiments, including the New York City, National Guard Unit called the Black Rattlers. He provided them to French General Mariano Goybet who commanded[…]
GOLDSMITHWORKS 35000 IMAGES/25000 PAGES ONLINE 24/7 Vintage Time Re-Made In America ™ Turning Your Old Jewelry Into Something New ™ State Licensed Precious Metal Gemstone & 2nd Hand Dealer VINTAGE MILITARY/COLLECTIBLE WATCH RESTORATION FINE JEWELRY – GEMSTONES & DIAMONDS CLICK VIDEO BUTTON BELOW FOR GSW/GSWW STUDIO VIDEO AND WEB-CAM-VIDEO ******************************************************************* GSW PO[…]
Copyrights goes to those whom prepared these video featuresMost of the video we discover is military created.Those produced with veteran assistance we hold in the highest regard military-battles-operations-vietnam-war For great Vietnam War research with info concerning nearly every operation for an 8 year period, along with a host of Vietnam Vet interviews you can[…]
ROCK ALWAYS HAS SOMEONE COMMENTING ON HIS HANDS BUT, EVEN UNDER THE NAILS, THE 5 TYPES OF CUTTING AND BUFFING COMPOUNDS TURN THE SKIN AND NAILS BLACK. IT SIMPLY TAKES UP TO 4 WEEKS TO REMOVE SO IT IS NOT SOMETHING THAT WORRIES HIM OR THE FINE WATCH WORKS HE DOES. IN FACT, ROCK RESTORES[…]
Turning Your Old Jewelry Into Something New ™VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHESVintage Time Re-Made In America ™ WE SUPPORT TIMEFRAUD.COM ABOUT USGoldSmithWorks™ 2005 ROCK SCARFONE ALL RIGHTS RESERVED,provides this page to educate users about our company, our services and our trade & service marks and actions that infringe those trade/service marks and other intellectual property rights.COMPANY:VEroTRADE GROUPS:SERVICE[…]
Special forces, or Special Operations forces are terms used to describe elite military tactical teams trained to perform high-risk dangerous missions that conventional units cannot perform. Special Forces soldiers need to be physically and mentally robust and have the confidence, courage, and skill to operate individually or in small teams, often in isolation and in a hostile environment. They are high-value assets commanded at the strategic level, delivering effects disproportionate to their size.
* 1 Evolution
* 2 Capabilities
* 3 History
* 4 World War II
o 4.1 Australia
o 4.2 Germany
o 4.3 Italy
o 4.4 United Kingdom
o 4.5 United States and Canada
* 5 Late 20th and early 21st century
* 6 See also
* 7 References
* 8 External links
Structured military activities have always required the support of specialised assets providing additional capabilities, some of which now come under the umbrella of what are now described as Special Forces capabilities. The tactics and techniques used by these assets may have remained the preserve of specialist units, or be cascaded out to more standard units over time.
Special Forces as they would now be recognised emerged in the early 20th Century, with a significant growth in the field during the Second World War.
Prior to the beginning of the 20th Century the emergence of formed units intended to exploit the opportunities of newer capabilities might be described as Special Forces[who?], such as the superiority of the rifle over the musket. Similarly some conventional units learned from irregular opponents, such as Boer and developed tactics accordingly.
Core Special Forces capabilities include:
* Reconnaissance in the deep battlespace
* Training and development of other states’ military and security assets
* Offensive action
* Battlespace preparation
* Support to counter-insurgency through population engagement and support
* Support to counter-terrorism operations
* Disruption of logistic routes in the deep battlespace
Special forces have played an important role throughout the history of warfare whenever the aim has been to achieve disruption by “hit and run” and sabotage, rather than more traditional conventional army combat using large formations of troops and motorized armor groups. Other significant roles lay in reconnaissance, providing essential intelligence from close to or among the enemy, and increasingly in combating terrorists, their infrastructure and activities.
In antiquity, Hamilcar Barca in Sicily had specialized troops trained to launch several offensives per day. Chinese strategist Jiang Ziya, in his Six Secret Teachings, describes recruiting talented and highly-motivated men for serving in specialized elite units with such functions as commanding heights and making rapid long-distance advances. The In the late Roman or early Byzantine period, Roman fleets used small, fast camouflaged ships crewed by picked men for scouting and commando missions. Similarly, Muslim forces also had several naval special operations units, including one which used camouflaged ships to gather intelligence and launch raids, and another which consisted of soldiers who could pass for Crusaders who would use ruses to board enemy ships and then capture and destroy them.
During the Napoleonic wars, rifle and sapper units existed who were not committed to the formal lines that made up most battles of the day. They instead held more specialised roles in reconnaissance and skirmishing.
British Army scouts in South Africa (1893): Frederick Russell Burnham (middle); Hon. Maurice Gifford (right)
For the British Army, it was during the Second Boer War (1899–1902) that the need for more specialised units became most apparent. Scouting units such as Lovat Scouts, a Scottish Highland regiment made up of phenomenal woodsmen outfitted in ghillie suits and well practised in the arts of marksmanship, field craft, and military tactics, best filled this role. This unit was formed in 1900 by Lord Lovat and early on reported to an American, Major Frederick Russell Burnham, the Chief of Scouts under Lord Roberts. After the war, Lovat’s Scouts went on to formally become the British Army’s first sniper unit. Additionally, the formation of the Bushveldt Carbineers in 1901 may be seen as an early manifestation of a unit for unconventional warfare.
World War II
The Z Special Unit was an Australian Commando unit which sank several Japanese ships in Singapore Harbour as part of Operation Jaywick.
The German army had the Brandenburger Regiment, which was originally founded as a special forces unit used by the Abwehr for infiltration and long distance reconnaissance in Fall Weiss of 1939 and the Fall Gelb and Barbarossa campaigns of 1940 and 1941. Later during the war the 502nd SS Jäger Battalion, commanded by Otto Skorzeny, also conducted many special operations. On October 21, 1944 Adolf Hitler — inspired by an American subterfuge which had put three captured German tanks flying German colours to devastating use at Aachen — summoned Skorzeny to Berlin and assigned him to lead a Panzer brigade. As planned by Skorzeny in Operation Greif, about two dozen German soldiers, most of them in captured American army Jeeps and disguised as American Military Police officers, penetrated American lines in the early hours of the Battle of the Bulge and sowed disorder behind the Allied lines by mis-directing convoys away from the front lines. A handful of his men were captured by the Americans and spread a rumour that Skorzeny was leading a raid on Paris to kill or capture General Dwight Eisenhower. Although this was untrue, Eisenhower was confined to his headquarters for weeks and Skorzeny was labelled “the most dangerous man in Europe”.
In Italy, the Decima Flottiglia MAS were responsible for the sinking and damage of considerable Allied tonnage in the Mediterranean. After the division of Italy in 1943, those fighting with Germany retained the original name and those fighting with the Allies retitled as the Mariassalto. Also there were other Italian special forces like A.D.R.A. (Arditi Distruttori Regia Aeronautica). This regiment was used in raids on Allied airbases and railways in North Africa in 1943. In one mission they destroyed 25 B-17s.
British SAS in North Africa (1943), in jeeps with mounted heavy machine guns
During World War II, in 1940, the British Commandos were formed following Winston Churchill’s call for “specially trained troops of the hunter class, who can develop a reign of terror down the enemy coast.” The Commandos were selected from volunteers among existing servicemen and went on to spawn a number of other specialist units including the Parachute Regiment, the Special Air Service and the Special Boat Service. Another multi-national unit was formed around the same time the Long Range Desert Group for service in the western desert. In the Burma Campaign, the Chindits, whose long range penetration groups were trained to operate from bases deep behind Japanese lines, contained commandos (King’s Regiment (Liverpool), 142 Commando Company) and Gurkhas. Their jungle expertise, which would play an important part in many British special forces operations post war, was learnt at a great cost in lives in the jungles of Burma fighting the Japanese.
The British No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando was formed with complete troops of men from France, Belgium, Norway, The Netherlands and Poland. Most of these troops formed the foundation for their own countries special forces after the war.
United States and Canada
The United States formed the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during WWII under the Medal of Honor recipient William J. Donovan. This organization was the predecessor of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and was responsible for both intelligence and Special Forces missions. The CIA’s elite Special Activities Division is the direct descendant of the OSS. In mid-1942, the United States formed the Rangers. The United States and Canada also formed a sabotage ski brigade for operations in Norway who became known as the Devil’s Brigade, officially known as the First Special Service Force, during their eventual service in Italy. Merrill’s Marauders were modelled on the Chindits and took part in similar operations in Burma. In late November 1943, the Alamo Scouts were formed to conduct reconnaissance and raider work in the Southwest Pacific Theater under the personal command of then Lt. General Walter Krueger, Commanding General, Sixth U.S. Army. Krueger envisioned that the Alamo Scouts, consisting of small teams of highly trained volunteers, would operate deep behind enemy lines to provide intelligence-gathering and tactical reconnaissance in advance of Sixth U.S. Army landing operations. In 1988, the Alamo Scouts were individually awarded the Special Forces Tab for their services in World War II and included in the lineage of today’s U.S. Army Special Forces.
Late 20th and early 21st century
Throughout the latter half of the 20th century and into the 21st century, special forces have come to higher prominence, as governments have found objectives can sometimes be better achieved by a small team of anonymous specialists than a larger and much more politically controversial conventional deployment. In both Kosovo and Afghanistan, special forces were used to co-ordinate activities between local guerrilla fighters and air power. Typically, guerrilla fighters would engage enemy soldiers and tanks causing them to move, where they could be seen and attacked from the air.
The US-led invasion of Afghanistan involved coalition special forces from several nations, who played a major role in removing the Taliban from power in 2001–2002. Coalition special forces have continued to play a role in combating the Taliban in subsequent operations. Special forces involved in these operations, occasionally working together, included US Special Operations Forces, UK Special Forces, the Italian 9th Parachutist Assault Regiment Peak Moschin, the Australian Special Air Service Regiment, the French Commandement des Opérations Spéciales, the Canadian Joint Task Force 2, the Danish Jægerkorpset, the Polish GROM, the German KSK, the New Zealand Special Air Service, the Netherlands Korps Commandotroepen and the Norwegian Forsvarets Spesialkommando and Marinejegerkommandoen. Special forces from other nations have supported the parallel NATO mission in Afghanistan.
Special Forces have been used in both wartime and peacetime military operations such as the 1971 Indo-Pak War, Vietnam War, Portuguese Colonial War, Falklands War, The Troubles in Northern Ireland, the first and second Gulf Wars, Afghanistan, Kosovo, Bosnia, first Chechen War and second Chechen War, the Iranian Embassy siege (London), the Air France Flight 8969 ( Marseille), Operation Defensive Shield, Operation Khukri, Moscow theater hostage crisis, Operation Orchard, 2006 Lebanon War, Japanese Embassy hostage crisis (Lima) in Sri Lanka against the LTTE, and the raid on Osama Bin Laden’s compound in Pakistan.