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DESERT STORM IRAQ WAR The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) was a war waged by a UN-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait. The[…]
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|Date/Report Number …..1012101.LRR2 Item: WWII-LEONIDAS-GSTP-CROW-FOOT-FIELD-MARSHALL-MONTGOMERY-MILITARY-WATCH-BOX™|
|Description of item: Restored – Serviced SWISS MADE 1938-43 W.W.II LEONIDAS BRITISH G.S.T.P CROW FOOT MILITARY POCKET WATCH WITH W.W.II MILITARY POCKET FOB AND WALL MOUNTING HINGED OPENING SHADOW BOX WITH BRITISH MEMORABILIA AND HOLDER FOR WATCH & FOB .
LEONIDAS POCKET WATCH
Estimated Retail Replacement Value $1650.00
|Examples of a GSTP watch Leonidas Pocket Watch
Credit: *Military Timepieces 1890-1990″ by Z.M. Wesolowski.
In 1939, with war on the horizon, the British War Department
realized they required time pieces. With no plans and knowing that a shortage of watches would surely occur, they quickly purchased watches from numerous Swiss watch makers and retailers.
Each watch had to have 15 jewels, luminous black or white dial, and subsidiary seconds dial. Most were snap backs though there were higher grades with screw backs.
Most of these pocket watches were titled “General Service” time pieces and classified as “Temporary Pattern”. Thus they were stamped “GSTP”.
These GSTP watches would become the work horse of the military. From Radio operators to drivers, they fulfilled the requirements of keeping time through out the war.
Note: at the conclusion of the hostilities, most of the watches purchased by the various Government Buyers were destroyed due to a deal with suppliers. The suppliers had sold these watches at a discount and they did not want the market flooded at the wars conclusion with “surplus military watches”.
LEONIDAS WATCH CO. WAS FOUNDED IN 1841 AT ST. IMIER BY JULIEN BOURQUIN. LEONIDAS SPECIALIZED IN HIGH QUALITY COMPLICATED WATCHES INCLUDING MOON PHASE, TRIPLE CALENDAR, CHRONOGRPAHS AND EXCEPTIONAL MILITARY WATCHES; WHICH INCLUDED WRIST & POCKET WATCHES, ARTILLERY-BOMBER TIMERS AND AREOPLANE/AIRPLANE DASH WATCHES.
LEONIDAS ALSO WAS A MAIN SUPPLIER FOR THE GERMAN MILITARY:
WRIST WATCHES WITH NAZI EAGLE AND SWASTIKA ETCHED/ENGRAVED ONTO THE BACK OF THEIR CASES WERE STANDARD FARE.
LEONIDAS MADE THE 1940′ AEREONAUTICA LEONIDAS DASH PANEL WATCH FOR MOUNTING ON GERMAN AIRPLANE DASH PANELS.
THE GERMAN NAVY (Kriegsmarine) UTILIZED LEONIDAS ARTILLERY TIMERS.
HEUER ACQUIRED THE “LEONIDAS” BRAND IN THE EARLY 1960′ AND MARKETED WATCHES UNDER THE “Heuer-Leonidas” NAME.
OONE OF THE DESIGNED THAT HEUER ACQUIRED FROM LEONIDAS WAS THE “Bundeswehr” CHRONOGRAPH USED BY THE GERMAN AIR FORCE.
MANY OF THE LEONIDAS WATCHES MADE FOR THE GERMANS WERE MADE IN THE 1930′.
WITH THE OUT BREAK OF WAR IN ENGLAND, THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT, SEEKING QUALITY WATCHES, INVESTED IN LEONIDAS POCKET WATCHES. THEY WERE MAINLY UTILIZED AS “DECK WATCHES”
NOT ALL GS/TP [GENERAL SERVICE TIME PIECE] WATCHES WERE OF AS HIGH A QUALITY AS THOSE PURCHASED FROM LEONIDAS AND HELVETIA.
Trial of Deck Watches:
Watch horizontal, dial up, in room for 6 weeks
Watch horizontal, dial up, in oven for 1 week
Watch vertical, pendant up, in oven for 4 days
Watch vertical, pendant right, in oven for 3 days
Watch vertical, pendant left, in oven for 3 days
Watch vertical, pendant up, in oven for 4 days
Watch horizontal, dial up, in oven for 1 week
Watch horizontal, dial up, in room for 6 weeks
The mean temperature in the oven will be from 80-85 degrees Fahrenheit
“Monty” WAS SERIOUSLY WOUNDED IN WWI THIS WWI ITEM IDENTIFIES WITH THIS FACT.
The First World War began in August 1914 and Montgomery moved to France with his regiment that month. He saw service during the retreat from Mons, during which half his battalion was destroyed. At Méteren, near the Belgian border at Bailleul on 13 October 1914, during an Allied counter-offensive, he was shot through the right lung by a sniper and was injured seriously enough for his grave to be dug in preparation for his death.
A Platoon sergeant came to assist him but was killed. He fell on Montgomery. The German sniper fired at him until sunset. The body of the sergeant protected Montgomery and took most of the enemy fire. Montgomery was hit once more though, in the knee. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for gallant leadership.
.Somme, Arras, and Passchendaele. During this time he came under IX Corps, part of General Sir Herbert Plumer’s Second Army. Through his training, rehearsal, and integration of the infantry with artillery and engineers, the troops of Plumer’s Second Army were able to achieve their objectives efficiently and without unnecessary casualties.
Montgomery served at the battles of the Lys and Chemin-des-Dames before finishing the war as General Staff Officer 1 and effectively chief of staff of the 47th (2nd London) Division, with the temporary rank of lieutenant-colonel. A photograph from October 1918 shows the then unknown Lt.-Col. Montgomery standing in front of Winston Churchill (Minister of Munitions) at the victory parade at Lille.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), often referred to as “Monty”, was a British Army officer. He saw action in World War I, when he was seriously wounded, and during World War II he commanded the 8th Army from August 1942 in the Western Desert until the final Allied victory in Tunisia. This command included the Battle of El Alamein, a major turning point in the Western Desert Campaign. After which Montgomery was knighted and promoted to full general. He was later a prominent commander in Italy and North-West Europe, where he was in command of all Allied ground forces during Operation Overlord until after the Battle of Normandy when he continued command of the 21st Army Group. On 4 May 1945 he took the German surrender at Luneburg Heath in northern Germany. After the War he became Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces of Occupation in Germany and then Chief of the Imperial General Staff.
Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944), popularly known as the Desert Fox was a famous German Field Marshal of World War II. He was a highly decorated officer in World War I, and was awarded the Pour le Mérite for his exploits on the Italian front. In World War II, he further distinguished himself as the commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the 1940 invasion of France. However, it was his leadership of German and Italian forces in the North African campaign that established the legend of the Desert Fox. He is considered to have been one of the most skilled commanders of desert warfare in the war. He later commanded the German forces opposing the Allied cross-channel invasion in Normandy. As one of the few generals who consistently fought the Western Allies (he was never assigned to t he Eastern Front), Rommel is regarded as having been a humane and professional officer. His Afrikakorps was never accused of war crimes. Soldiers captured during his Africa campaign were reported to have been treated humanely. Furthermore, he ignored orders to kill captured commandos, Jewish soldiers and civilians in all theaters of his command.Late in the war, Rommel was linked to the conspiracy to kill Adolf Hitler. Due to his wide renown, Hitler chose to eliminate him quietly; in trade for the protection of his family, Rommel agreed to commit suicide.
WW2 PICTURE CARD OF THE AIR BOMBING OF COVENTRY ENGLAND IN 1940
DEMONSTRATING THE WAR’S BEGINNING AND ENGLAND’S GREAT BATTLE BY HERSELF. THE CARD IS IN A PLASTIC HOLDER SO YOU MAY REMOVE THIS HISTORIC TRIBUTE ON THE BACK OF THE CARD.
THOUGH THE CARD STATES THAT THIS WAS THE MOST SUCCESSFUL GERMAN RAID, THE STORY INFORMS THE READER OF THE VALOR AND WILL OF THE BRITISH PEOPLE AND THE LONELY BATTLE THEY WERE IN. IT ALSO TELLS OF ENGLAND’S OFFENSE, INCLUDING THE DOWNING OF 50 GERMAN PLANES.
ORIGINAL WWII PHOTO OF FIELD MARSHALL MONTGOMERY IN ENGLAND
[with noted Scholar of Christ Church, Oxford, H.R. Trevor-Roper “Men & Events”]
Marked on Reverse in Pencil: Trevor Monty given by Susie 44 55
3 1/4 x 5 1/4
Bernard Montgomery was born in 1887. In 1908 at the age of 21, he was commissioned in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment and served on the Western Front during World War One. Eventually, with command posts in Britain and in India, by 1938 he was promoted to the rank of major-general.
Montgomery was given the command of the Third Division (BEF) that was part of the British Expeditionary Force in World War Two that withstould the might of the Wehrmacht’s ‘Blitzkrieg’ and had to be evacuated at Dunkirk..
After the failure of the first battle at El Alamein, Montgomery was given command of the Eighth Army in North Africa and he drove his army to victory at El Alamein and turned the tide of the war in Africa. In fact, this was the first defeat of the Germans and, with US Forces on the ground, the Germans could only retreat and quit North Africa in 1943.
At D-Day, Montgomery commanded the British and Canadian units at Normandy.
On September 1st 1944, Montgomery was promoted to field marshall, the highest rank he could reach in the British Army.
Montgomery commanded the 21st Army Group that succeeded in taking the vital port of Antwerp in Belgium.
The 21st Group was involved in the Battle of the Bulge – Germany’s ill-fated attempt to push back the Allies.
Montgomery’s group crossed the River Rhine on March 24th 1945 and he accepted the formal surrender of the German military at Luneburg Heath on May 4th 1945.
Knight of The Most Noble Order of the Garter
Knight Grand Cross of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath
Grand Cross Of The Order of Saint Olav (Military Division), Norway
Grand Cross of The Order of the White Lion (Civil Division), Czechoslovakia
Order of the Elephant Denmark
Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit USA
Grand Cordon of The Order of Nichen Iftikhar, Tunisia
The Order of Victory USSR
The Order of Suvorov First Class, USSR
Grand Cross of The Royal Order of George I (Military Division), Greece
Grand Officer of the Legion d’Honneur France
Order of Leopold (Military Division), Belgium
Grand Cross of The Civil Order of Merit of The Lion, Netherlands
Grand Cross of The Order of the Oaken Crown, Luxembourg
Grand Cordon of The Order of The Seal of Solomon, Ethiopia
ORDER OF THE BATH UNIFORM BUTTON
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V of the United Kingdom. The Order comprises five classes in civil and military divisions. In decreasing order of seniority, these are:
* Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) or Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE)
* Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) or Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE)
* Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
* Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
* Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
BRITISH ARMY RIFLES MILITARY PIN
WWII DISNEY DESIGNED RAF FLIGHT PATCH
When Walt Disney was a young American ambulance driver in France during World War I, he was exposed to a new form art that would be titled “nose art”. Nose Art was comic character painting on the cowls of military trucks and the sides of military airplanes. Nose Art had an immense morale boosting effect among the troops.
Disney returned to the United States in 1918 and became the premier cartoonist of the era.
In 1939, the a U.S. Naval unit made a request of Disney, they asked if he would draw up a mascot to paint on one of their new ships. Disney produced a “Bumble Bee in a Sailor’s Hat, wearing Boxing Gloves”. The Naval unit involved was so pleased with the design they adopted it the “Bumble Bee in a Sailor’s Hat, wearing Boxing Gloves” as their unit insignia and began painting it on their jackets and other vehicles.
It was not long before the entire armed forces began requesting Disney’s creations for their mascot
With the help of six of his top artists, Disney attempted to fill the growing demand for unit mascots. The first two mascots produced by Disney in WWII went to the “Eagle Squadron” of the Royal Air Force, a unit of American volunteers flying for the British prior to American involvement in the war, and to the famed “Flying Tigers”, another volunteer force operating out of China.
By the time of US involvement in WWII, while Disney and his staff were creating new designs, Warner Bros. joined in..
While Donald Duck was the most popular amongst Disney characters, Warner Brothers called up both Daffy Duck, Bugs Bunny.
Besides the use of then known popular cartoon characters, every creature that could come to mind was utilized including nearly 150 new dog and cat creations. Their creations swam, crawled, slithered, flew, and were featured just about in every conceivable fashion.
A) Mickey Mouse was a consensus objector because Disney did not want to establish Mickey with war
B) The personal insignia of German Luftwaffe ace Adolf Galland was Mickey Mouse
With both Disney and Warner Brothers at the helm, nearly every unit in the armed forces was sporting either a cartoon mascot or skulls, grim reapers, devils and other sinister mascots on jackets, military equipment, uniforms, tanks, planes, boats, jeeps, and even dinner plates & stationary were adorned with proud unit mascots.
By 1945 the Disney group & Warner Bros. had created over 1,800 Mascot Logos
Though some “field made” variants were created, most authentic squadron patches were embroidered on “Chenille”, hand painted or decal on leather or hand painted/silk-screened on canvas.