RUNNING AND KEEPING
THE FOUNDING OF
KNOWN TODAY AS
THE BIG RED ONE
THEIR ACTIONS IN
KNOWN TODAY AS
RARE MARKSMAN BADGEADDED
PICS AT BOTTOM
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A NOTE ABOUT THE HARLEM HELLFIGHTERS
Though the Allies (England/France) thumbed their noses at the US Military proficiency, a nearly overwhelming German offensive and large French mutiny in the spring 1917 provided added incentive to urge that the US send troops as replenishment to their own divisions. Though Gen. John “Blackjack” Pershing would allow the integration of the (Who would serve famously) Harlem Hellfighters –the 369th Infantry Regiment composed of African Americans– with French Divisions, he nixed the request and the 1st Infantry Division was born.
The first U.S.Infantry Troops (an estimated 25,000 1st ID troops would serve) to set foot in France during the summer of 1917 were from the 1st ID. While dependent upon French and British artillery and tanks, Pershing had his own ideas on how to end the bitter stalemate of defensive trench warfare. From 1914 through 1917,much of the fighting involved a defensive posture. Machine gun and artillery ruled the field; inflicting devastating casualties.
The last time American Forces had been in a war that rivaled WWI and its weapons of destruction had been 62 year previous. The Civil War, while being far fetched to compare with the massiveness of WWI and its weapons, casualties, chemical warfare and numbers, it also had new weapons and tactics, including rifled barrels, new canon, canon shells, and the horror of a mid 19c war wound. The 1st ID faced a battle field that surpassed those of the Civil and that battle field would set the line of history that would become famous twenty years later: The Big Red One…
WWI UNIT INSIGNIA OF THE
NOTE THE STATUE IS SIMILAR TO THAT CHOSEN
FOR THE ENTIRE ALLIED FORCES VICTORY MEDAL
FURTHER DOWN THIS OFFER
By the Fall of 1917, 1st ID soldiers and other American soldiers were pouring into France each day and winding up in the trenches of France. Once there, the dismal trench life of mud, parasites, poor food and the constant artillery barrage started to take it’s toll and undermine the morale of the troops. The Americans to give up their lives also occurred in the fall of 1917. In the lead up to the battle of Cantigny, 1st Division troopers Corporal James B. Gresham, Privates Thomas F. Enright and Merle D. Hay lost their lives when the the American trenches were raided by German troops at Bathelémont on November 2, 1917.
As the Central Powers continued a series of devastating offensives, Pershing was hard pressed to create an action plan to both improve the moral of his men and to counter victories of the Germans; who were desperate to win before the US could send more troops and supplies.
The action plan that Pershing would create would be an attack plan, a means to get his soldiers up and out of those slits of mud and blood, those mind numbing trenches. Pershing would improve upon the use of artillery and marksmanship. He devised a battle plane for precise rolling artillery barrages followed up by waves of infantry; the goal was to break through and behind German entrenchment’s and capture German artillery positions and, ultimately, supply lines. Positioning, Training, Supplying and Planning took nearly 8 months. In the spring of 1918, 1st ID forces were prepared for their first attack.
Spring time 1918 was anything but joyous. The Germans had launched a series successful offensives. Within 40 miles of Paris, the Germans began massing troops with the plan to break through and seize Paris herself… a fact that had the Allied Powers seeing red. And it was at the place where the first Americans of the war would lose their lives …
It was at the German Occupied French village of Cantigny that events would play their course. Cantigny had proven to be a hard place for the French to reclaim and even harder to keep when they got it. In order to turn the tables on the Germans,they had to win it back. It was not a war winning fact, but it was necessary to improve the morale of all allied troops.
With German artillery and machine guns guarding the approaches to Cantigny, 4,000 1st ID soldiers of the division’s 2nd Infantry Brigade, 28th Infantry Regiment, relieve an exhausted French First Army forces that manned trenches 600 yards from the village. Under THE Pershing plan, an Allied artillery bombardment began just before 6 a.m. May 28 and the 1st ID forces moved in and took the village in an hour.
The Germans replied with artillery while hidden German soldiers emerged to battle close quarters with the 1st ID Forces and lost. The 1st ID Forces would repulsed three German counter attacks.
Cantigny stands as the definition of 1st ID and the eventual reputation of the Big Red One as well and the proof that the US could more than stand toe to toe with any force.
American forces numbering one million in 29 divisions by the summer of 1918, did more than help route the Germans in the fall of 1918.
In 17 months under Gen Pershing, the 1st ID went from a a small,loose group of rapidly trained ground troops, to a concise, well trained and courageous unit that helped defeat the most powerful army in the world’
Over 22,320 1st ID troops perished in the Great War, 1ST ID helped clear St. Mihiel salient , fought in the Meuse-Argonne Forest advancing seven kilometers and defeating eight German divisions, completed the farthest American penetration of the war, was first to cross the Rhine into occupied Germany. Five Medals of Honor were awarded. The 1st ID colors carry campaign streamers for (1) Lorraine, 1917; (2) Lorraine, 1918; (3) Picardy, 1918; (4) Montdidier-Noyon; (5) Aisne-Marne; (6) St. Hihiel; and (7) Meuse- Argonne.
America’s military stepped into the 20th century on the backs of those troopers of the 1st ID . And two decades later the 1st ID would once again place the U.S. Army at the forefront of the Western world.
GS George Stockwell
George Stockwell’s company Stockwell & Co were first recorded in June 1907 as importers of silver and Assay Agents at 16/18 Finsbury Street, London.
In 1912, George Stockwell was listed as an importer of foreign watches. Stockwell & Co Ltd of Birmingham were agents to Messageries Nationales Express and Messageries Anglo-Suisse.
Stockwell & Co Ltd did not manufacture watches or cases, they imported them from a number of different Swiss manufacturers.
The GS mark, London import mark of an inverted Omega on a crossed oval cartouche, a .925 silver purity mark and 1915 “u” date stamp are proof that this is a GEORGE STOCKWELL 1915 sterling silver trench watch.
I HAVE TO SAY THAT THIS TRENCH WATCH IS STUNNING
IN EVERY FACET OF IT’S RESTORATION!
THE STRAP MAKES THIS BEAUTY
WE HAVE HAD 7 REQUESTS TO BUY THE STRAP
WOW WHAT A WAR WATCH
WOW WW1 REVISITED
KILLER KILLER KILLER
NOT ENOUGH TO GET YOU GOING YET???
BAM BAM BAM
EVERY CONCEIVABLE ANGLE
BUY ME! BUY ME!
BUT IF YOU DO
KNOW YOU WILL BE
ITS CARE TAKER
HAVE THE DUTY
TO HAND IT DOWN
THIS OFFER IS FOR MORE
THAN ONE ITEM
HINGED STERLING HALLMARK
GEORGE STOCKWELL SILVER CASE
MINTY WHITE PORCELAIN DIAL
BLACK SECONDS CHAPTER RING
BLACK ARABIC 1 – 11 NUMBERS
RED NUMBER 12
SILVER PLATED SHRAPNEL GUARD
RESTORED ANTIQUE LEATHER STRAP
CASE W/O CROWN/GUARD
WATCH CASE IS 925 STERLING SILVER
925 STERLING SILVER HINGED BACK
925 STERLING SILVER BEZEL
THE TOTALLY RESTORED ANTIQUE
HEAVY DUTY LEATHER STRAP
THE STRAP WILL FIT UP TO 7.5 INCH WRIST
THE ORIGINAL LARGE BUCKLE
MAKES THIS STRAP SUPER NICE
ORIGINAL LARGE PLATED BUCKLE
PATENTED PLATED SHRAPNEL GUARDS
THE GUARD WITH THIS
OFFER IS SILVER PLATED
YOU CAN READ THE NUMERALS PERFECTLY
AWESOME ORIGINAL DIAL
BLUED STEEL SPADE HANDS
BRASS ONION CROWN
SILVER HINGED THREE PIECE CASE
HINGED SILVER CASE
VERY VERY NICE!
SILVER PLATED SHRAPNEL GUARD
THE FOLLOWING ARE GSW GSWW ARCHIVAL
PICTURES OF ROCK RESTORING A
TRENCH STRAP. THE SAME WAY
THE STRAP IN THIS OFFER WAS RESTORED
ROCK IS APPLYING
OIL AND A LAYER OF POLISH
ROCK IS STRETCHING
THE OLD LEATHER
ROCK IS BUFFING THE OILED STRAP
EMBEDDING THROUGH HEAT & PRESSURE
AT 3600 RPM THE OILS AND WAXES
DEEP INTO THE STRAP LEATHER
MORE OF THE SAME..
THIS HOW ROCK RESTORES
ANTIQUE LEATHER STRAPS
STRAP IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION
NOT CRACKED, FRAYED, EXCESSIVELY
WORN OR DAMAGED
FITS UP TO 7.5 INCH WRIST
Signifying the Silver purity as “Sterling”
London Import Mark
on a crossed oval cartouche
signifying silver as opposed
to a rectangular cartouche for gold
1915 “u” Date Stamp.
AND THE BEST OF ALL?
THE HALLMARK FOR
0/size 13 ligne
(Fabrique d’Horlogerie de Fontainemelon S.A.)
WWI WATCH BOX
WWI TRENCH WATCH W/GUARD & STRAP
42ND ID WWI COMPASS W/STRAP
WWI KALAMAZOO LIGHTER
WWI ERA SOLDERED RING WATERBURY BUTTONS
1 OFFICERS U.S. COLLAR PIN
WW1 1ST INFANTRY INSIGNIA PIN
WWI 1ST ID IN ACTION POST CARD
WW1 ALLIES CELEBRATING END WW1 POST CARD
125TH ARTILLERY INSIGNIA
INFANTRY CIRCLE COLLAR INSIGNIA
TWO 1ST INFANTRY BUTTONS
8TH ID PATHFINDER PATCH
RAINBOW VICTORY MEDAL
The 8th Division was organized in January 1918 at Camp Fremont, California. The 8th Infantry Division was known as both the “Golden Arrow” and “Pathfinder” division during World War derived from the division’s insignia, which is a gold arrow to represent the nineteenth-century explorer of California, John Fremont, through the division’s designationnumber “8”. The division was dispatched to Europe and arrived Nov 1918 but was not needed for combat duty due to their arrival coinciding with the end of conflict [Germany agreed to a cease-fire on 11 November 1918 now known as Armistice Day]
The 8th was activated again on 1 July 1940 as part of the build-up of military forces prior to the United States’entry in to World War II and would participate in extensive action throughout the European Theatre of Operations. Post WWII, the 8th was nick named “eight Up” (“Ate up” a military term meaning out of order, screwed up) and “The Crazy Eight” after the card game.
The final call for the 8th was for Operation Desert Storm after which it was inactivated on January 17, 1992.
Activated: January 1918 Overseas: November 1918 Activated: 1 July 1940 Overseas: 5 December 1943 Campaigns: * Normandy * North France * Rhineland * Central Europe Days of combat: 266. Distinguished Unit Citations: 5 Awards: Medal of Honor-3 ; Distinguished Service Cross (United States)-33 ; Distinguished Service Medal (United States)-2 ; Silver Star-768; LM-12 ; DFC-2 ; SM24 ; BSM-2,874 ; AM-107. Medal of Honor World War II.
[all medal of honor awards presented posthumous]
Private First Class Ernest Prussman, 13th Infantry Regiment. Prussman took over his squad on 8 September 1944 during the advance on Les Coates [Loscoat] in Brittany, and disarmed several Germans, including a machine gun crew. Shot by a German rifleman, his dying act was to unleash a hand grenade that killed the man who shot him.
Private First Class Walter C. Wetzel, 13th Infantry Regiment. As acting squad leader in the regimental Anti-Tank Company, PFC Wetzel defended his platoon’s command post from an enemy attack on 3 April 1945. Wetzel threw himself on either enemy grenades.
Staff Sergeant John W. Minick, Company I, 121st Infantry Regiment. After his battalion was halted by enemy minefields during an advance on 21 November 1944 during the Hurtgen fighting, he led four men through the obstacle, then successfully destroyed an enemy machine gun post that had opened fire on the small party. Moving forward again, he single-handedly engaged an entire company of soldiers, killing 20 men and capturing 20 more. Resuming the advance, he attempted to scout through another minefield, but detonated one in the attempt.
BOX CAN BE OPENED FROM FRONT
1ST INFANTRY CROSSED RIFLES WITH “1′
8TH ID PATHFINDER PATCH
42ND ID COMPASS
RAINBOW VICTORY MEDAL
2ND CLASS MARKSMAN BADGE
COLLAR INFANTRY BADGE
1ST ID BUTTONS
Kalamazoo Mich. Bowers Mfg.
WWI Trench Lighter
WW1 COMPASS WITH TRENCH STRAP
CASE BRASS WITH CHROME PLATE
WIRE LUG IS TWISTED 14K GOLD WIRE
CRYSTAL IS GLASS
COMPASS HAS BRASS SLIDE BUTTON
THAT RELEASES THE BRASS HAND HOLDER
IN THE COMPASS
ALLOWING THE BLACK AND WHITE
STEEL COMPASS HAND TO OPERATE
COMPASS BACK IS SIGNED
[42 INFANTRY DIVISION]
RECORDS SHOW SERVICE IN FRANCE 1918
LEATHER STRAP IN EXCELLENT CONDITION
STRAP IS DOUBLE HOLED
FINISH IS PERFECT
COMPASS WORKS PERFECT
HERE IT IS WITH STRAP DOUBLE HOOKED
WWI AMERICAN 1ST ID IN ACTION
IN FRANCE WITH ENGLISH TANKS
ORIGINAL 1ST INFANTRY OFFICERS INSIGNIA
WW1 ALLIED VICTORY
Allied Victory Medals from the Great War
Each of the Allied and Associated nations issued their own “Victory Medal” to their own forces to prevent a mass exchange of commemorative awards between the nations. Each country would have as a common feature which was a figure of Victory upon the obverse and all were to have a “double rainbow” ribbon.
The ribbon consisted of a double rainbow, with the red joining in the center. The ribbon is edged with very narrow stripes of white. The rainbows were selected to represent a “new era” and the calm after a storm (World War I). It also represented the combined colors of the Allies joined together in a common cause.
The two rainbows represented the two groupings of nations, Allied and Associated, meeting the heraldic colour for conflict and bravery. The double rainbow also provided symmetry and balance and avoids having the ribbon confused with that of the British 1914 Star which had a single rainbow.
A RE-ISSUE COPY
EXCELLENT – RUNS & SETS EXCELLENT
INTERNATIONAL PATRONS PLEASE
CONTACT ROCK BEFORE INVESTING
WE MUST CHECK CUSTOMS DETAILS
AND SHIPPING ARRANGEMENTS
2400.00 PROFESSIONAL INSURANCE **APPRAISAL
APPRAISALS ARE STORED ON A GSW DEDICATED SERVER APPRAISAL WEBSITE WHERE YOU MAY DOWN-LOAD, COPY-TO OR FORWARD TO YOUR INSURANCE COMPANY OR JEWELERS MUTUAL ONLINE 24/7
PLEASE WRITE OR CALL 800 438 6894 IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS!!
UNLESS STATED OTHERWISE all watches offered by GSW have been SERVICED. Some required REPAIR AND RESTORATION! Normal Servicing of Mechanical Watches by an EXPERT PROFESSIONAL will run between $180.00 to 580.00, depending on the complication of the movement and that is WITHOUT parts that may be required. SERVICING means DISASSEMBLING THE ENTIRE WATCH AND MOVEMENT, CLEANING SAME, OILING, LUBING AND REASSEMBLING, timing and Sealing. RESTORATION is a separate service from SERVICING and may include CRYSTAL, DIAL, HANDS, CASE, LUGS and BAND. So, WHEN YOU VIEW VINTAGE AND CLASSIC WATCHES OFFERED BY OTHER VENDORS/DEALERS, the question is: WAS THE WATCH SERVICED?
All watches, from mechanical to quartz devices, require periodic cleaning and inspection. GSW provides both cleaning and repair services with our main specialty that of restoring and repairing classic & vintage watches. GSW has established parts accounts with the oldest watch parts houses in the world as well as a network of watch dealers and repair centers around the world. GSW also provides dial restoration services. In addition to servicing new, vintage & classic watches, we also service high grade wristwatches. Think of your watch as you would a fine automobile, it is worth maintaining as it will increase your pleasure of ownership and also enhance the resale or trade-in value. If you plan on passing your watch on to the next generation, skilled periodic maintenance will be greatly appreciated in the future. Visit our studio gallery online for info on restoring or repairing your watch and call for 50% discounts from our advertised pricing!